What is Data Processing?
Data Processing is the act of obtaining unprocessed data and information and making it usable. Data Processing is the transformation of raw data into usable or readable information.
Data processing involves three steps: collection, conversion, and processing.
Nearly every company has adopted it for digital data processing to help them compete against other companies. This allows you to gain an advantage in the ability to formulate the strategies required to compete and improve productivity.
Data processing is performed step-by-step.
Data Processing Cycle
The data processing cycle includes six main steps because data processing is done step-by-step.
1) Data collection is the first step in the data processing process. After acquiring raw data from other organizations, it is validated by prioritizing information resources, such as company profits and losses, user information, market net worth, staff data, and market data.
2) Data Preparation is the part of the processing cycle that involves prioritizing the data and filtering out incorrect and unnecessary data. To ensure data quality, errors, duplicates, and misleading data are rectified before the conclusion. After the data quality has been verified, it is encoded for the next cycle. This step of data processing is called “data cleaning” because of the variety of methods used.
3) The Data Input stage is the part of data processing where cleaned or encoded data are transformed into inputs that can easily be read by computers. Before the data can be sent to a computer, it is important that the data are in a format that can easily be read and processed. The priority at this stage is to validate the data and then supply it to the Central Processing Unit (CPU) of the computer.
4) Data Processing: The data can be subject to different data processing methods, such as statistical and algorithmic calculations, depending on which tools are used. Most tools use algorithms that are machine learning-based and artificial intelligence to clean the data.
5) Data outputs refer to the data that has been obtained from the previous steps. The output data is then decoded and ready for display to the users. These outputs allow users to immediately extract the statistics. The presentation is completed based on the extracted stats. For presentation, charts, reports, tables, graphs, and other such information-conveying statistics are used.
6) Storage is an important asset in any type of data processing. The last step of the data processing cycle is to store the decoded data and metadata for future calibration. This will allow the user to access any data whenever they need it. The organizations purchase large amounts of memory to store all data. This ensures that the data is reliable.
What are the three methods of data processing?
There are three main methods for data processing, depending on the tools available and what data is being processed. These are the methods.
Manual Data Processing
This type uses data from eternal resources to convert it manually and then subject to human-based algorithms, calculations, and algorithms. All calculations required for data processing are performed manually, without the use of any machines or tools. All logical operations are done manually. This method was prone to errors and non-structural data processing.
Processing of mechanical data
The term mechanical data processing refers to data that is processed with some mechanical tools like typewriters, printers, or other mechanical tools. Mechanical data processing is faster than manual data processing because the tools used speed up the process. Even though errors are common, they are not as severe as manual data processing. It is best suited to simple processing tasks.
Processing of electronic or digital data
The data processing software and tools are used to process the raw data. These processing methods are known as Electronic data processing. They use AI algorithms to process the data. These data processing methods are also known as “automated processing.” Electronic data processing is more efficient than manual and mechanical methods because it eliminates human error. The computers can process more data in a shorter time and are more accurate.
Data Processing Types
Data processing was done manually at first without the use any other tools. To process the massive amounts of data every organization produces, it would be necessary to have access to other tools.